Supporting PUBLic Authorities for Implementing ENergy EFficiency Policies (2016-2019). Horizon 2020
The overall objective of PUBLENEF is to assist Member States (MS) in implementing effective and efficient sustainable energy policies (with the focus on energy efficiency (EE)) and empower them to make use of the best practices and policy processes implemented in other MS at the national, regional and/or local level. The objectives of PUBLENEF are divided into specific ones (that will be achieved during the action and their impacts can be monitored within the project) and strategic ones that aim to achieve longer run sustainable energy/energy efficiency goals with capacity building.
Advanced and Sustainable Developments for Efficient Road Pavement Rehabilitation Techniques (2015-2018), funded by the program CIEN of the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness
Repara 2.0 project is aimed to develop new technologies and methodologies to support roads asset management making feasible the preservation and maintenance of any type of road pavements with a lower economic and environmental impact, improving their resilience to climate change. CIEMAT will cooperate with the company SOLID FOREST in the evaluation of the environmental consequences of the implementation of these new technologies using Life Cycle Assessment methodology.
Development and demonstration of a hybrid CSP-biomass gasification boiler system (2015-2018), collaborative project including EU and MENA region countries funded by the ERA-NET MET program.
The aim of the project is to develop and demonstrate a new solar - biomass hybridization solution. A biomass gasification boiler will be developed and integrated in a CSP prototype. The role of ASE unit of CIEMAT in this project is the estimation of the environmental and socioeconomic impacts of the studied prototype.
Design and optimization of a sustainable biorefinery based on residues from olive crop and oil industry: technoeconomic and environmental analysis (2015-2018), funded by the Spanish National R+D +i
The project considers the integration of all residues generated around olive tree crop and oil industry in a flexible and multi-product biorefinery, with bioethanol as main product. This approach would allow improving residues management, reducing environmental impact and contributing to the economic viability of bioethanol production process.
The ASE Unit of CIEMAT will perform the sustainability analysis of the use of olive residues as feedstocks for bioethanol and bioproducts using life cycle analysis (LCA) methodology. It will contribute to design the multi-product biorefinery taking into account both environmental and economic criteria and contribute to the challenge of providing clean (low carbon), safe (native and renewable as alternative to fossil fuels) and efficient (in the use of resources and conversion processes) energy sources.
Carbon footprint assessment and socioeconomic impact analysis of the production of bioethanol from sugar cane in Uruguay, 2015
The objective of this work is to perform a Life Cycle Assessment of the bioethanol production chain in Uruguay with an special focus on GHG emissions and energy consumption. Additionally an estimation of the socioeconomic impacts associated in terms of job creation and effects on the overall economy has been also performed. The analysis is based in the production processes of the bioethanol plant of Bella Union property of the company Alcoholes del Uruguay (ALUR)
Carbon footprint assessment and socioeconomic impact analysis of the production of biodiesel and bioethanol from cereals in Uruguay (2015-2017)
The objective of this work is to perform a Life Cycle Assessment of the biodiesel production from oil seeds and fats and used oils as well as bioethanol production from cereals in Uruguay with an special focus on GHG emissions and energy consumption. Additionally an estimation of the socioeconomic impacts associated in terms of job creation and effects on the overall economy has been also performed. In this project, preliminary estimations of the externalities associated to the environmental and socioeconomic benefits will also be performed.
The analysis is based in the production processes of the biodiesel and bioethanol plants property of the company Alcoholes del Uruguay (ALUR)
Scientific advice in the research work "Characterisation of the Water-Energy-Land nexus in Spain and Europe", commissioned by Fundación Canal.
The objective of this work is to characterize the WEL nexus in Spain and Europe with a special focus on the energy and agricultural sector in Spain. CIEMAT will perform an assessment of the environmental implications of the energy production in Spain considering different energy scenarios of the evolution of the energy sector until 2030. Additionally, and in cooperation with the Polytechnic University of Madrid, an assessment of the environmental implications of agricultural sector in Spain will also be performed.
Economic, environmental and social impacts of energy policies and technologies (e3s). European Energy Research Alliance.
Europe has adopted more ambitious energy policy objectives to achieve a low carbon scenario by 2050. The changes in energy policy reflect a re-orientation away from specific technological solutions and markets towards system transformation. This reorientation recognises that technological solutions alone are likely to be insufficient to address the grand challenges in energy and that enhanced policy advice is necessary to understand the complex interaction of a variety of socio-technical elements, such as consumer behaviour and acceptance, markets and technologies.
Competitive SolAr Power Towers-HORIZON 2020
The main objective of this project is to significantly reduce costs of concentrated solar power, in order to pave the way for its deserved competitiveness on the power market.The global objective of this project is to increase plant efficiencies and reduce levelised cost of electricity (LCOE) by developing all relevant components that allow implementing an innovative plant configuration. This plant configuration is based on a multi-tower decoupled advanced solar combined cycle approach that not only increases cycle efficiencies but also avoids frequent transients and inefficient partial loads, thus maximizing overall efficiency, reliability as well as dispatchability, all of which are important factors directly related to cost competitiveness on the power market. The ESA Unit of CIEMAT performs the Environmental and socio-economic assessment in WP9.
European Energy Research Alliance. EERA Bioenergy Web Page
The overall objective of EERA Bioenergy is to:
- Align pre-competitive research activities at EERA member institutes to give a scientific basis to continue developing next generation biofuels
- Explore the possibilities for joint technology development
EU LIFE Programme. LIFE+RESPIRA Web Page
Life+Respira is a project aimed at showing that through the use of new technologies, along with urban planning and management, like promoting sustainable mobility and bicycle use, it is possible to improve air quality and reduce air pollution.
The project has the added benefits included in socially implying members of the community; some of the actions will be based on the help provided by a team of volunteer cyclists. This way citizens will become the driving force and main beneficiaries of the results.
All the steps proposed in the project are directly related to the improvement of air quality, urban environment and health.
REnewable ELectricity COOPeration. EU/FP7 project. (2013-2017) REELCOOP Web Page
To develop renewable electricity generation technologies and promoting cooperation between EU Partner Countries and Mediterranean Partner Countries.
The project aims at develop, construct, test and demonstrate 3 different renewable electricity systems: a building integrated PV system (ventilated façade), a hybrid (solar/biomass) micro-cogeneration ORC system, and a hybrid concentrating solar / biomass mini-power plant.
Socio Economic Studies. Power Plant Physics & Technology projects. EUROfusion (2014-2017). SES Web Page
In order to get deeper knowledge on how this new form of energy generation can be integrated in society, Socio-Economic Research on Fusion has been performed since 1996 (SERF) , in which the expertise of researchers in the physical sciences, engineering and economic, social and environmental sciences is brought together.
The economic part of the studies aim at analysing energy systems, energy markets and technology, studying the dynamics of technological development, and its implications for fusion (dependence of production costs on plant engineering, learning and experience, internalisation of externalities, development of the demands, regulations and policies), and preparing, possibly together with stakeholders of other energy options, fusion relevant sustainable energy scenarios with models that incorporate the 4 E's: economy, engineering, energy, and environment.
Logistics for Energy Crops Biomass. EC FP7. 2012-2016. LogistEC Web Page
The LogistEC project supported by FP7 aims to develop new or improved technologies of the biomass logistics chains. Cost-efficient, environmental-friendly and socially sustainable biomass supply chains are needed to achieve the 2020 EU RES targets that might be impeded by the potential scarcity of lignocellulosic biomass from agriculture. The project covers all types of lignocellulosic crops: annual and multi-annual crops, perennial grasses, and short-rotation coppice.
The project focuses on improvement of all biomass value chain components and assesses the sustainability in terms of environmental, economic and social impacts. Innovative techniques for crop management, biomass harvesting, storage and transport provide a possibility to increase biomass supply whilst keeping costs down and minimizing adverse environmental impacts.
Bringing Europe and Third countries closer together through renewable Energies, EC-Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) Programme. 2012-2015. Better Web Page
BETTER addressed RES cooperation between the EU and third countries in several dimensions. The starting point was given through the cooperation mechanisms provided by the RES Directive, allowing Member States to achieve their 2020 RES targets in a more cost efficient way, and thereby including the possibility to cooperate with third countries. Thus, BETTER assessed, through case studies, stakeholders involvement and integrated analysis, to what extent cooperation with third countries can help Europe achieve its RES targets in 2020 and beyond, trigger the deployment of RES electricity projects in third countries and create synergies and win-win circumstances for all involved parties.
The case studies focusing on North Africa, the Western Balkans and Turkey investigated in detail the technical, socio-economic and environmental aspects of RES cooperation. Complementary to these bottom-up analyses, an integrated assessment was undertaken from the EU plus third countries perspective, including a detailed quantitative cost-benefit evaluation of feasible policy approaches, as well as strategic power system analyses. Moreover, co-effects, such as, impacts on the achievement of EU climate targets, energy security and macro-economic aspects was analysed. The final outcome is a fine-tailored policy package, offering a concise representation of key outcomes, guidelines for practical implementation of RES cooperation and actions plans reflecting regional specifics.