R+D Activities

The main activities of the Energy Systems Analysis Unit are focused on :

  • Environmental Analysis and Externalities
  • Socioeconomic Analysis
  • Energy Modelling
  • Energy Policies

Some of our activities are related to the monetary valuation of the external costs of energy generation and transport. We estimate the externalities of current technologies and processes (conventional energies) but also of those which are still in development (biofuels) or under research (nuclear fusion). 

In adittion we use other quantitative methods such as Life Cycle Analysis to estimate all the environmental effects of the implementation or production of an energy system, process or product.  
  
We also develop other effective tools for decision making in matters of energy such as Multicriteria Decision Models and analyse the non technical barriers to promote the penetration of clean energies in the energy market. 

Other activities of the group are related to the use of Energy Optimisation Models to analyse the role of the different technologies in future energy scenarios and to the study of Energy Policies.  

  

Environmental Analysis and Externalities

WHAT FOR?

  • Analysis of the environmental consequences of energy technologies using Life Cycle Assessment
  • Analysis of the indirect land use change (iLUC) effects of first-generation biofuels
  • Quantification of greenhouse gas emissions of biofuels
  • Analysis of the social consequences of energy technologies using Social Life Cycle Assessment
  • Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment applied to energy technologies
  • Assessment of the externalities of energy technologies using the ExternE methodology

 

WHICH MODELS DO WE WORK WITH?

  • Life Cycle Assessment commercial software: SIMAPRO, GABI
  • Life Cycle Assessment databases: Ecoinvent, GABI, GEMIS, Social HotSpot Database
  • Input-Output/Life Cycle Assessment tool (IO-LCA Spain) and its application to energy technologies
  • Environmentally extended Multi-regional input-output models (E-MRIO) to assess the effects of energy projects on the environment at the National and International level
  • Biofuel GHG emissions calculation tools such as CALCUGEI
  • Biofuel iLUC emissions calculation tools such as NexusLandUse
  • Externalities assessment tools such as Ecosense

 

Socioeconomic Analysis

WHAT FOR?

  • Evaluation of the economic and social externalities associated to the energy technologies
  • Evaluation of both private and social costs and benefits of energy projects, programs and policies
  • Analysis of policy instruments aimed at fostering renewable energies as well as renewable energy cooperation at the international level
  • Development of new tools aimed at assessing the impacts on the three sustainability pillars
  • Analysis of the effects that renewable energy investments may have in the development process of less developed countries (LDC) 

 

WHICH MODELS DO WE WORK WITH?

  • Input-Output models (I-O) and Multi-regional input-output models (MRIO) to assess the effects of energy projects on the economy and employment at the National and International level
  • Social Accountability Matrix (SAM) and Social Accountability Matrix with energy sector disaggregation (SAME)
  • Input-Output/Life Cycle Assessment tool (IO-LCA) and its application to energy technologies
  • New methodological tools based on an MRIO framework aimed at simultaneously evaluate the three sustainability pillars (environmental, social and economic) of energy systems
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) to evaluate all the possible impacts of energy investment decisions
  • In collaboration with Real Instituto Elcano, development of a comprehensive framework (EFDI-D) to assess the effects that RE investments may have on the development process of host countries

 

 

Energy Modelling

WHAT FOR?

  • Prospective analysis of the national/regional/global energy system at medium and long term
  • Medium and long term analysis of new technologies penetration into the energy system
  • Analysis of the influence of some economic or/and policy measures
  • Backcasting consisting of defining a future sustainable energy scenario ('desirable' one) and identifying  the composition of the energy system in each period

 

WHICH MODELS DO WE WORK WITH?

  • Long-term energy models of economic equilibrium, covering the entire energy system from mining to final consumption
  • Optimization models which aim at providing the optimum energy system composition in terms of social wealth and sustainability at the minimum cost
  • Bottom-up, technology rich model with thousand of technologies well defined by technical, economic and environmental data
TIMES-Spain, national energy model representing the Spanish energy system, developed by CIEMAT
EUROfusion Times Model (ETM), global energy model developed within EUROfusion framework
ETSAP-TIAM global model, global energy model developed within ETSAP framework

 

Contracting party at ETSAP- ENERGY TECHNOLOGY SYSTEMS ANALYSIS PROGRAMME, Technology Collaboration Programme of the INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Energy Policies

WHAT FOR?

  • Evaluation of energy policies using Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Analysis of tools aimed at the promotion of renewable energies as well as the cooperation in renewable energies at international level
  • Development of new analysis frameworks to evaluate the impact of energy policies and projects

 

WHICH MODELS DO WE WORK WITH?

  • Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) to evaluate all the possible impacts of energy investment decisions